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Git & CLI Basics

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Make a directory, then make a local git repository

1. Make new directory

mkdir {repo-name}

3. Create local repository

git init

2. Open new directory

cd {repo-name}

Connect local repo to GitHub

Now, associate your new repository to the relevant GitHub

3. Connect GitHub repo

What this step does is "connect" the remote repository on GitHub to the working directory you created.

git remote add origin {remote-repo-url}

4. Pull the origin main branch

This step pulls all of the files from the remote GitHub repository directory to your working directory.

git pull origin main

Create a branch

The main branch contains the latest codes and when you make changes, you want to ALWAYS make them on a separate branch so it doesn't impact the most recent working files.

Create your own working branch! Avoid working directly on the main branch. Now, you are ready to make changes.

5. Create new branch

This step is actually two steps in one. First you are breating a branch with the -b, and at the same time you are switching to that branch with checkout.

git checkout -b feature_branch_name

If you don't want behavior where changes "travel with you" to a different branch, you should use:

git switch branch_name

Submit your changes

Once you make changes to the repository on your local branch, you are ready to commit your files and push the files to the remote repository. We do this in 3 steps: 1. add all of changes to files you want to commit, 2. then commit those changes, and 3. push the commit to the remote repository.

6. Add files to origin branch

git add {files}

Push to GitHub

Push to your working branch to GitHub, and submit a pull request for a team member to review before it is merged to main.

7. Commit to origin branch

git commit -m “Add change comments”

8. Push to GitHub branch

git push -u origin branch_name

Merge branch to origin

Make sure you are in main and your changes in the branch are committed.

Note: If you want to merge, you have to pull the main, and then merge the changes from the branch-name

Merge to origin branch

git merge <branch-name>

Additional Commands

Here are some additional commands for using Git.

Push to GitHub origin main

git push -u origin main

View all branches

git branch -a

View remote branches

git branch -r

Remote branches only.

Check on status

git status

Remote branches only.

View local branches

git branch -l or git branch

Switch branches

git checkout <branch-name>

Checkout a pull request

gh pr checkout [request#]

Showing others commits in branch

git other commits

Definitely, you do not want to merge other people’s commit with yours especially when those commits are already part of the target branch(master) in this case


let's say you have branches like this:
  • main branch

  • feature we created this branch from the main

  • demo we create this branch from 'feature'

  • Then you always take a pull from the main branch and itself feature branch in a feature branch and push it.

git checkout feature
git pull origin main
git pull origin feature
git push origin feature
  • In the demo branch you always take a pull from the feature branch and push it.
git pull origin feature